Phthalates Testing

 Phthalates, abbreviated as PAEs, is a general term for esters formed by phthalic acid. When used as a plasticizer for plastics, it generally refer to formation of  esters that phthalic acid with 4-15 carbon alcohols. Dioctyl phthalate is the most important variety. Phthalates are a kind of softening chemicals that can also interfere with the endocrine system.
 
Phthalates are mainly used in PVC materials, making PVC from hard plastic to elastic plastic, playing the role of plasticizer. It is widely used in toys, food packaging materials, medical blood bags and hose, vinyl floor and wallpaper, cleaners, lubricants, personal care products (such as nail polish, hair spray, soap and shampoo) and hundreds of products, but it has serious harm to human health.


 

Common standards for Phthalates testing:
 

Standards Category of Phthalates Standard requirements
REACH Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate(DEHP) Toys and childcare articles:
DEHP+DBP+BBP≤0.1%
  Di-n-butyl phthalate(DBP)  
  Butyl benzyl phthalate(BBP)  
  Di-isononyl phthalate(DINP) Toys and childcare articles which can be placed in the mouth by children:
DINP+DIDP+DNOP≤0.1%
  Di-isodecyl phthalate(DIDP)  
  Di-n-octyl phthalate(DNOP)  

EN 14372-2004
Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate(DEHP) Total ≤0.1%
  Di-n-butyl phthalate(DBP)  
  Butyl benzyl phthalate(BBP)  
  Di-isononyl phthalate(DINP)  
  Di-isodecyl phthalate(DIDP)  
  Di-n-octyl phthalate(DNOP)  
    Toys which can’t be placed in the mouth by children(<12years) Toys which can be placed in the mouth by children (<12years)
childcare articles:
CPSIA/HR4040
《The Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act》
Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate(DEHP) 0.10% 0.10%
  Di-n-butyl phthalate(DBP) 0.10% 0.10%
  Butyl benzyl phthalate(BBP) 0.10% 0.10%
  Di-isononyl phthalate(DINP) —— 0.10%
  Dicyclohexyl phthalate(DCHP) —— 0.10%
  Di-n-hexyl phthalates(DHEXP) —— 0.10%
  Di-n-hexyl phthalate(DPENP) —— 0.10%
  Di-iso-butyl ortho-phthalate(DIBP) —— 0.10%
California Proposition 65 (Prop 65) Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate(DEHP) 0.10%
  Di-n-butyl phthalate(DBP) 0.10%
  Butyl benzyl phthalate(BBP) 0.10%
  Di-isodecyl phthalate(DIDP) 0.10%
  Di-n-hexyl phthalate(DnHP) 0.10%
    Any toy or child care article Any toy or child care article intended for use by a child under three years of age if that product can be placed in the child’s mouth
California Proposition AB1108 Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate(DEHP) 0.10% 0.10%
  Di-n-butyl phthalate(DBP) 0.10% 0.10%
  Butyl benzyl phthalate(BBP) 0.10% 0.10%
  Di-isononyl phthalate(DINP) —— 0.10%
  Di-isodecyl phthalate(DIDP) —— 0.10%
  Di-n-octyl phthalate(DNOP) —— 0.10%


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